Must-know Cryptocurrency Bookkeeping Best Practices

Cryptocurrencies have been around for some time. Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ethereum, and other digital currencies are now being used in many business transactions and becoming an important financial instrument. The rising popularity of cryptocurrencies is drawing attention to the businesses that use them to transact, and especially how accounting for these digital currencies can be done properly. 

This article provides essential information on cryptocurrency bookkeeping and accounting best practices with tips to help simplify the process.

What is cryptocurrency bookkeeping?

Cryptocurrency 

Cryptocurrency is a virtual or digital currency that is encrypted for security. By means of cryptocurrency, businesses can carry out their transactions peer-to-peer without centralized control or intermediaries such as a bank. According to Investopedia, the operation of most of the currencies is based on decentralized platforms with their blockchain technology, a distributed ledger enforced by a disparate network of computers. 

It is noteworthy, though, that cryptocurrencies are, by definition, not currency. In Canada, they are viewed as a commodity and therefore treated as an investment. Therefore, accounting for cryptocurrencies is similar to other securities, such as stocks or bonds. However, in the US and some other countries, cryptocurrencies are considered property, and it means that when you acquire any crypto, you need to record it at its market value, just like when you purchase a house or building for example. The same goes for when you sell or use cryptocurrency, you need to make sure to record its value correctly. A gain is made if the value when you sell or use crypto is higher than that when you obtain it, otherwise, you suffer a loss. Such gains or losses, which result from transacting or trading cryptocurrencies are taxable, so every transaction must be kept track of and accounted for in a compliant manner.

For a better understanding of cryptocurrencies and how it works for your business, check out our review article on bitcoin and cryptocurrency for the e-commerce industry. But first, here are some essential crypto terms that you should be aware of working with Bitcoin and the likes:

  • Blockchain: A form of distributed ledger technology used to support bitcoin comprises pieces of digital information held together to record transactions. 
  • Tokens: A type of digital currency that represents its own asset or utility and relies on its blockchain. Tokens can be traded or transferred between users in the blockchain.
  • Wallet: A system that tracks the ownership of virtual currencies.
  • Mining: An act of earning cryptocurrency without having to put money down on it. Miners provide a service to the blockchain network using special software to solve math problems in return for the acquisition of more cryptocurrencies. Any cryptocurrency earned through this activity should be treated as income and reported accordingly. 

As online transactions are becoming a norm, the advantages of cryptocurrencies compared to traditional payment methods are easy to see. You can easily use them as an online wallet to send and receive currency with other people who have the same wallet. In this way, cryptocurrencies are not subject to currency conversion fees or exchange rates, which fluctuate and make international transactions cumbersome and costly. However, cryptocurrencies have also posed new challenges to how businesses should do bookkeeping and accounting.

Bookkeeping for cryptocurrency businesses

As a form of digital money that is unregulated by banks or government, cryptocurrency hasn’t been essentially accounted for by existing accounting standards, although most agree that it should be classified as an intangible asset, referring to standards such as International Accounting Standard (IAS) 38 and IAS 21. Due to its anonymous nature which can be exploited for illegal activities including money laundering and tax evasion, it is only a matter of time before the government takes measures to monitor the use of cryptocurrency in business transactions.

Of course, you don’t have to pay any specific income tax or Capital Gains Tax (CGT)  on purchasing goods or services. But as long as you use cryptocurrency for business investment or income generation, the actual tax accountancy surrounding bitcoin and other digital money will inevitably be applied. To avoid potential troubles with tax and audit, bookkeepers and accountants should grasp some of the basics of crypto accounting as follows

  • Calculate capital gains and losses based on the adjusted cost base

The adjusted cost base is the average cost for all cryptocurrencies you have obtained, from past to present, and it must be calculated separately for each type of coin you own, in case there are several of them.

  • Check the fair market value on the day of the transaction

Because cryptocurrency can be subject to variations in value, the value of a transaction, be it a commodity trade or a payment, depends on the fair market value on the same day

  • Make payments to vendors

Payments in cryptocurrencies with a fair market value of 600$ and higher must be reported to the IRS, using form 1099-MISC.

  • Record mined cryptocurrencies

It is necessary to record the currency you mined in the income account and the costs incurred by the mining act as an expense in your books. Because, when you’re “mining” cryptocurrencies, you’re creating new value for that currency (the digital equivalent of printing money, without the inflation) and creating compensation for yourself. To record your income and expenses, use tax form Schedule C if you are not incorporated, or Form 1120 if you are incorporated. Schedule C is used when you pay self-employment taxes.

  • Trade cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrencies are considered property as their holders can sell or transfer them separately. They do not give the holder a right to receive a fixed or determinable number of units of currency. As a result, trading cryptocurrencies is just like day trading. You need to record two things: first, the value of any currency on the day you acquire it, and second, its value on the day it is sold. 

The difference in value recorded will reflect your gains or losses. When you do your tax return, record these gains and losses on the required form and categorize them as short or long-term gains or losses based on how long you have the currency.

  • Account for more than one cryptocurrency

Accounting for transactions with one type of digital money is difficult enough, but in many cases, you have to handle transactions between two or more cryptocurrencies. Everything comes into play all at once, and you need to calculate multiple cost bases, adjusted cost bases, fair market values, gains, and losses. It will definitely take a great deal of time and bookkeeping skills to ensure nothing is overlooked and maintain accurate accounting.

cryptocurrency bookkeeping
Cryptocurrency bookkeeping best practices

Why is cryptocurrency bookkeeping complicated?

Business transactions that deal with cryptocurrencies between blockchain businesses, brokers, or funds often entail using an array of wallets or trading accounts, each with different purposes to serve. Because of the different cryptocurrency systems and formats, to report a crypto transaction for tax purposes, businesses must collect related data from various exchanges and account for them accurately according to regulations. 

Since the value of a transaction is determined by the fair market value on the day it is conducted, the accounting tasks of obtaining, consolidating, organizing all data for various assets at different times and varying prices can be a hassle. Additionally, not every business has the willingness and ability to take up that challenge. 

Therefore, the complexity of this process, therefore, may lead to the reluctance of cryptocurrency businesses to maintain daily bookkeeping tasks, only to find out later that the accumulated workload is getting overwhelming, putting extra strains on accounting efforts for which enterprises must bear the resulting costs.

In addition to the complex and high volume of crypto exchanges, accountants and bookkeepers in cryptocurrency businesses must also deal with the constantly changing regulation of digital assets. With most financial guidelines on reporting and accounting meant only for fiat currency-based businesses and the few numbers of assisting tools, managing and tracking different digital assets and meeting compliance requirements can cause major hurdles for any crypto business seeking tax-effective bookkeeping practices. 

Working with highly volatile investments such as cryptocurrencies means that financial professionals have to do their tasks with utmost care. It is part of their duties to fulfill the tax obligations, so the least desirable thing is to fall behind the regulatory updates and make accounting mistakes that harm their companies. 

Cryptocurrency bookkeeping best practices

1. Track all transactions

While accounting guidelines regarding cryptocurrencies remain unclear, crypto businesses can still benefit from executing proper bookkeeping. Keep all proofs of invoices and payments safe and organized to be ready for any tax event or to help your business with a better picture of its financial situation. Besides, other information that you’d better keep close include the list of exchange accounts, addresses, wallets used for each transaction, and especially the records of cryptocurrency value at the time you obtain it and when you get rid of it.

The burden of keeping up with piling documents can be worrying, but there are bookkeeping-friendly tools to assist you in recording necessary receipts like Shoeboxed. No more missing receipts and messy folders, Shoeboxed digitizes your documents into verified images which you can get access to anytime and anywhere. With its customized reporting feature, Shoeboxed can also help you to categorize all crypto transactions into operational costs, expenses, revenue, or other relevant transaction types.

Because all crypto-related costs, expenses, and transactions need to be converted into fiat currency at the end of the day, it is best practice for crypto businesses to track fiat and cryptocurrency transactions, and then create consolidated reports for both. Accurate data collection surely takes time, but it is the key point of this process that any crypto business must find a way to handle, whether by manual entry or by utilizing supporting software. 

2. Integrate automation tools to reduce time and errors

The main problem with using standard accounting programs for cryptocurrencies is that they are only compatible with fiat currency. With the help of specialized software to export the crypto transactions to standard accounting software, though, the booking procedure for cryptocurrencies is becoming easier. There are now increasingly more such tools, so the choice is within your hand to take advantage of those with convenient functions like the ability to integrate with cloud-based accounting systems. Reducing the time-consuming manual input and user errors, it is undoubtedly worth your investment to automate the crypto accounting processes.

3. Comply with rules and regulations

Understanding and adhering to the regulatory treatment of cryptocurrencies is crucial to the success of any business that transacts in crypto. However, defining exactly how to execute a crypto bookkeeping strategy, however, is complicated because cryptocurrency is still a volatile financial instrument, the regulatory practices of which vary widely across different countries. In any scenario, it is wise for bookkeepers and accountants to get accustomed to these distinctions in order to guarantee regulatory compliance, especially if cryptocurrency is being used for international transactions.

Since crypto bookkeeping has not been standardized without an existing bookkeeping framework, crypto businesses have mostly carried out their bookkeeping on a case-by-case basis. Confusions regarding implementing such practices are inevitable, but above all, cryptocurrency is generally classified as a property with applicable property tax principles. Given that fact, it is sensible to prepare all the documents to justify transaction activities for tax purposes, ranging from invoices, proof of ownership of the addresses, to wallet balance.

To look on the bright side, many believe in the potential of the technology under crypto assets to disrupt the current bookkeeping system. Small improvements have been steadily introduced and it may pave the way for a new accounting model to emerge. With changes brought by blockchain technology being underway, accountants and bookkeepers should be aware of the possible opportunities and challenges these changes offer and keep themselves updated with cutting-edge knowledge and technology to stay competitive in the field. our staff from Shoeboxed would be glad if our product could accompany those who need help with storing and organizing receipts, so let us hear your voices on the crypto industry as well as the bookkeeping services you may wish you had. 

Share with us your thoughts on bookkeeping for cryptocurrency in the comment section below! 

Proven Unique Receipt Tracking Feature: Human-Verified Data Extraction

In the business world today, data is the real power. It is the solid foundation for nearly every decision-making within a business. To build a valuable database, a company needs to master the first step – data extraction.

Facebook, Amazon, Google, and Apple are all modern-day tech titans worth an estimated $4 trillion. But they weren’t always this size or this valuable. How did they grow to become so powerful? The answer is data.

Facebook has enough data on its average user to fill a 400,000-word document. Meanwhile, Google has more than seven times that amount or the equivalent of roughly three million-word paper per user. These giant tech companies can collect every data right down to what stickers we use in posts and messages.

In this article, we’ll define data extraction and its role in finance and management, as well as show you the simplest way to to extract data from one of your most frequently used documents – expense receipts.

What is data extraction? 

So what exactly does it mean to extract data? 

Data extraction is the process of getting data from a source for further data processing, storage, or analysis elsewhere. Data extraction is the first step in a data ingestion process named ETL, standing for Extract, Transform, and Load. The purpose of the ETL process is to move, transform and optimize data for analytics. 

Data is typically analyzed and then crawled through to get relevant information from the sources such as customer databases or documents. There are many reasons, uses, and examples of how the technology is used, including receipt scanning and data extraction, which we’ll get to later.

A great example of data extraction is scanning job application forms. Let’s say you’re a tech company looking to hire new software developers. But you require specific qualifications, skills, or even hobbies. It’s a high-paying job, so your company receives thousands of applicants.

Going through these job applications can be time-consuming to determine which candidate meets the necessary criteria and who doesn’t.

Data extraction comes in and helps us resolve the trouble of combing through a vast amount of forms. Data extraction technology goes through the applications, sees who matches the company’s specific needs, and discards the rest, saving valuable time, money and person-hours. 

Why do businesses need data extraction?

Data extraction is a vital process to automate data collection for analysis. The process provides necessary data from various sources like invoices, emails, or contracts. These data help automate processes and provide valuable insights and analytics for decision-making. 

Data extraction is also a fundamental part of many complex and technical procedures, such as improving legacy databases, consolidating resources following a merger or acquisition, or smoothening internal operations by combining data from different divisions and departments. 

Below, we’ve listed five significant benefits of data extraction for your business.

Improves accuracy & reduces human error

By automating data entry processes for repetitive tasks, data extraction tools can help improve the accuracy of your data inputs by reducing human errors. If your staff is entering large amounts of data day in and day out, the likelihood of errors and inaccuracies rises. These can include incomplete records, missing/incorrect information, and duplicates.

With an automated process for data extraction, you can remove these errors and get more accurate data overall which is great for your business as you can make better decisions based on actual data.

Increases employee productivity

Employee productivity is a crucial component of a successful business. Removing the need for manual data entry means your staff can spend more time on essential tasks that add more value to your business.

Your employees will have a more positive outlook because they are using their skill sets to complete more meaningful tasks instead of monotonous data entry. Allowing employees to have time and energy to be creative and innovative results in higher job satisfaction, increased productivity, and a better working environment.

Improves visibility

Using data extraction allows your team to get their hands on data faster. The simple process of extracting and storing data in a cloud or a database means it is more visible and accessible to anyone in your business that needs it. 

Saves you & your business time

Time is money, as they say. Wasted time can prove costly for businesses.According to a study, automating tasks could save up to 2 hours for employees and 3 hours for business leaders per day. Business owners should consider using tools that help improve processes and save time. When used correctly, data extraction tools can save your business time, giving staff time to concentrate on more critical tasks.

Helps reduce costs

By automating long and repetitive tasks where possible, businesses can save money in both the short and long term. In the day-to-day running of your businesses and as it grows, you don’t need to worry about scaling and investing in a large team to handle your data needs. In conclusion, regardless of your business type, extracting data is an essential tool in both financial and managerial aspects.

What is data extraction for receipts? 

As we all know, a receipt shows relevant details of a given financial transaction. Data extraction for receipts is an automated process of extracting and organizing critical data such as the date of purchase, quantity, and total payment from a receipt for further usage. Below is an example of extracting critical data from a receipt. 

Thanks to advanced modern technology, businesses have been experiencing an automating system of data extractions from receipts using AI. In particular, OCR (Optical Character Recognition) technology can read your receipts almost as perfectly as a human being by scanning data through handwritten or electronic receipts. Not only that, but it can also convert data into digital text so that we can store and analyze that information. 

If it may sound too good to be true, let’s look at this real-life experience of the data extraction process for receipts!

Image: Esther Schindler – Shoeboxed Review

The image above is a shared example from one customer using Shoeboxed software to extract data from her receipt. As you can see from Esther’s receipt, AI technology has scanned and automatically filled in a report with all of the essential information, including date, currency, total amount, tax, etc. Additionally, a digital version of the receipt is on the phone, laptop, or PC.

Why do businesses need to extract data from receipts?

In the past, most employees (especially accountants) had to manually read every single receipt to find the required information for expense reports or bookkeeping purposes. This procedure was not only time-consuming and tiring but was also the cause of many human errors which impacted the chain of work and productivity of the whole business. 

More and more businesses have eliminated that manual process to switch to automated receipt data extraction system because of its numerous advantages. Here are just a few benefits that data extraction from receipts brings: 

Effectively tracking expenses

Losing or forgetting about receipts is commonplace in business. Employees can now just take a photo of the receipt and have all data recorded immediately, with no worries of losing or forgetting the evidence of expense. Accordingly, it loosens the burden for the accounting department and helps accountants keep track of expenses more productively. 

Quick reimbursement 

A receipt is usually tagged along with an expense export. The purpose of the report is to list the items you’ve made a payment on behalf of the company and to request a reimbursement. Hence, a company could receive hundreds of expense reports every month. To avoid inconsistencies, receipt data must be processed properly. That’s why receipt data extraction software is essential for managing these receipts and quickening payments.

Reduction of accounting errors

Many organizations still rely on their accountant to manually input information held in papers in their systems. This leads to incomplete records, missing/incorrect information, and duplication. By automating the data extraction process, structured data gathered will include fewer mistakes, and business reports will be more accurate. 

Efficient supply chain  

A company cannot focus on improving the quality of its products or services unless it has proper supply chain planning. To ensure the supply chain runs smoothly, the flow of information relating to worker deployment, inventory, delivery, demand and supply analytics, and so on must be simplified. 

One way to do that is to digitize receipt data processing. Receipts and invoices include important supply chain information. Unnecessary delays can be eliminated by automating the extraction and intelligent processing of this data. All deliveries will then be on time, and overall efficiency will improve substantially.

By extracting data to keep track of your business’s receipts can help business owners understand and control the company’s cash flow and spending budget better. As great as it sounds, there’re still some issues relating to this approach because no-AI system is perfect (or maybe not yet!). 

Fortunately, we have a perfect solution for it – human-verified data extraction! 

Shoeboxed human-verified data extraction feature

AI tools tend to be highly accurate, but errors can occur. Many external factors can impact the performance of OCR technology, such as:

  • Poor handwritten text
  • Faded text
  • Small fonts
  • Noisy or blurred images
  • Camera motion and shake
  • Watermarking
  • Crumpled paper

If you have encountered one of those situations, don’t worry! Shoeboxed’s got it covered for you! 

Our team is well aware of all the troubles that customers might have during their experience using automated data extraction for receipts. That’s why we came up with this unique service to provide the best quality data for you: human-verified data extraction. Let’s simplify how Shoeboxed’s data extraction system works in the following four steps:

  1. A customer can send receipts to us physically through which we call Magic Envelope or upload them digitally.
  2. Our AI technology scans and collects data from your receipts.
  3. A team of data entry experts goes through each receipt to check, correct errors, and verify the accuracy of the extracted data.
  4. You then can find your neatly extracted data directly on your Shoeboxed account. 

Choosing our service ensures the best quality of your data extraction with the most accurate results. No more risk of missing information as your data extracted is corrected and verified by humans. The verification process is also super speedy when it can take only a few hours to 1-5 days, depending on your submission method and Shoeboxed subscription plans. 

Shoeboxed integrates with many popular accounting applications. It can also automatically import receipts from Gmail into your Shoeboxed account. Because of the excellent integration feature that Shoeboxed has to offer, you can say goodbye to manual entry, missing inbox receipts, and headaches! 

Go paperless!

How businesses control and manage receipts significantly impacts their performances. As important as it is, this process sometimes is not taken care of well enough due to its bulky nature.

Automation of data extraction is an innovative and beneficial choice for businesses. Shoeboxed ensures every single receipt goes through a systematic and thorough data extraction process. More importantly, the data is examined and verified by our data experts. 

We care about our customers and their business, even down to a single receipt!

Expense Report Everything to Know for Successful Business

In this article, we will go through some basic fundamentals of expense reporting. Once you fully understand the nature of an expense report, you’ll be sure to make the most of it and improve your business’s productivity and internal control.

Being in business is all about making a profit. But that profit isn’t only about your sales numbers. How to effectively control and minimize expenses is just as important as how to boost sales to achieve the ultimate goal: generate maximum profit. 

Caught between limited financial resources and the pressure to maintain competitive pricing, small businesses these days need to stay more proactive than ever to stay on top of their expenses. One of the most commonly used practices for managing costs among small enterprises is the expense report. 

What is an expense report for businesses?

An expense report is a document filled out by an employee or a partner so they can be reimbursed for professional expenses. They are also used to track company spending.

Expense reports are generally presented as forms, whether in a paper or a digital format. The report can be prepared using accounting software or using a template in Word, Excel, PDF, and so on. 

With the advent of new technologies, several solutions now exist to automate the expense management process. The purpose of these solutions is to free time up for everyone involved in the process, streamline expense reports management, and increase profit. 

What is an expense report used for?

Making reimbursements 

A small business sometimes has their employees pay for work-related expenses out of their own pockets then later, the business owner would make reimbursement for those expenses. This process is carried out by an expense report with 3 simple steps: 

  1. The employee fills in an expense report and lists all the business-related spending such as gas for vehicles, accommodation, or meals. Receipts should be attached to the document.  
  2. The employer checks the expense report for accuracy and validity. 
  3. The requested amount is paid back to the employee.

Sometimes, the process can be reversed in which the companies make advance payment for staff. The employee still needs to submit an expense report to detail expenditures. However, there won’t be any reimbursement. Instead, the employer will just deduct the expenses from the advances and have these transactions recorded in the bookkeeping system. 

Tracking expenses

An expense report is also a great tool to help small businesses keep track of their spending periodically (on a monthly, quarterly, or yearly basis). By reviewing expense reports, enterprises can examine their financial health, determine if they’re spending over or under budget, then analyze the causes and come up with immediate solutions to improve expense management. 

Shoeboxed expense report

Filing tax

Regardless of what type of business you run, filing a tax return is a real headache. From ancient times to the present, businesses have always learned ways to minimize their taxable amounts.

Many business expenses are deductible that can be subtracted from a company’s income before it is subject to taxation. Expense reports are the legal documents to prove just that. Creating an expense report allows you to monitor deductible costs that may not yet be shown on your company bank account, making it a lot easier to write such expenses off at tax time.

Auditing purposes 

Expense reports are valuable evidence for both internal and external audit activities. Unnecessary and fraudulent reimbursement claims are not, unfortunately, an uncommon theme in many workplaces. These reports can help with business audits by providing visibility into what funds are coming in and out of the business. By properly processing these expense reports, owners can examine the details and audit their current businesses’ financial and managerial health. 

As we’ve just mentioned above as well, expense reports are vital for deducting tax. They can be requested for submission as supplemental documents, in addition to reporting total applicable costs on tax forms when submitting taxes with the revenue service at any time. 

What does an expense report look like?

Small businesses usually create expense reports using templates in Word, Excel, PDF, etc, or have them automatically prepared by accounting software. No matter how an expense report is made, it typically should contain these elements: 

  • Employee’s information: name, department, position, their manager, or details of who submits the expense
  • Date: when expenditure was incurred (a receipt showing the same date should be attached)
  • Vendor: where a product or service was purchased
  • Description: the nature of the expense such as taxi fee, meal, or hotel
  • Account: where the expense should be charged to 
  • Amount: the total sum of the expense (this amount should also be on the provided receipt) 
  • Subtotal: the amount for each type of expense listed 
  • Subtraction: adjustments when there are any prior advances paid to the employee
  • The grand total: the final amount of reimbursement requested
  • Note: an extra explanation for any unidentified or unclear type of expenses. 

Sometimes, an expense report may also include a brief summary of the company’s policy regarding which kind of expense is not reimbursable. It’s a good way to remind employees before they submit their expenses, saving time for employers and also raising awareness of spending policies within the enterprise. 

An expense report may look different among small companies, depending on its nature of business as well as each company’s own preference. However, it should always tell you how much the expense is and what it was used for. 

Business expense categories 

One of the most important functions of using expense reports is to help small businesses collect data and categorize business expenses, many of which can be written off in a company’s taxes. Some of the most common expense categories include utilities, travel, office supplies, and rental expenses, but there are many more that small businesses, freelancers, and sole proprietors should pay attention to. 

According to the IRS, as long as an expense is “ordinary and necessary” to running a business in your industry, it’s deductible. That’s why we suggest you should follow the categories listed in the Schedule C form  from the IRS for your expense report if you run a sole proprietorship. Developing categories that match your business and a tax return file can make the tax filing process easier, smoother, save you time, and make sure you get all the deductions that you can.  

We’ve listed below the most common 10 business tax expenses that you can deduct with brief explanations of what’s covered, what’s allowed, and what’s not.

Advertising

You can fully deduct expenses related to promoting your business, including digital and print advertising, social media advertising, website design & maintenance, and the cost of printing business cards.

Business insurance and professional service

You can deduct the cost of your business insurance on your tax return such as business liability or workers compensation. Fees paid to an attorney, designer, architect, or other professionals directly related to operating your business are also tax-deductible.

Office supplies

You can write off office supplies including stationery, office cleaning service, drinks & snacks in the break room, and work-related software. Shipping and postage charges may also be deducted. Bear in mind that you may only deduct the expenditure of materials used in the current year.

Home office expenses

Small business owners who work from home cannot miss this information! Generally, you’d need a space that is regularly and exclusively used for businesses to be qualified for deduction. You can deduct $5 for every square foot of your home office which meets all the requirements, up to a maximum of 300 square feet.

Travel expenses

The first and foremost condition to write off travel expenses is that the travel is qualified as a business trip. Here are 3 rules to help you know whether your trip is qualified or not:

  • The trip must be primarily business-related.
  • The trip must take you away from your tax home, i.e. outside the city or area where your company is located.
  • As well as being away from your tax home, it must be substantially longer than a normal day’s work and it must require you to sleep or rest on the route.

Business interest

A business interest expense is the cost of interest on business loans required to keep operations running. Your deduction is generally limited to 30% of adjusted taxable income while it was up to 50% in 2020 due to Coronavirus. However, this limitation is not applied to small businesses (with average annual gross receipts of $25 million or less over a trailing three-year period), farms, or real estate investment enterprises.

Cell phone and internet bills 

You can deduct your entire bill if you have a dedicated business cell phone or Internet connection. It’ll be a little bit more complicated if you mix business with personal usage. In this case, you will need to calculate and deduct only the percentage used for work. 

Wages and benefits

If you run a small business and hire people, you may deduct their wages, benefits, and vacation expenses. However, don’t include your own wages because they’re not allowed to be deducted by the IRS. 

Donations 

Tax-deductible donations must meet certain criteria such as the organizations you give charity to have to be qualified. Examples of qualified institutions include religious organizations, nonprofit educational agencies, museums, local volunteer groups, etc. There will be different guidelines depending on the nature of your donations such as cash, food, clothing, etc.

Depreciation

When you deduct depreciation, you’re usually writing off the cost of a tangible asset like a vehicle or machinery over the useful lifetime of that item, rather than deducting it all in one go for a single tax year. It’s best to deduct depreciation for costly long-term business investments, so you’re reimbursed for the expense over the entire lifetime of use of the item. 

Medical expenses

You can claim insurance premiums and you’re self-employed and pay for your own health insurance, you can deduct your health and dental care insurance premiums. You can also claim medical care expenses, including doctor’s fees, prescription drugs, and home care.

By designing your expense report template based on Schedule C, you’ll find it much quicker and easier when inserting data into tax forms.

So get organized and save time and money!

What is a monthly expense report? 

A monthly expense report details company outlays paid over the course of a given month. These reports are not typically used for employee reimbursement, but rather to track company or department spending, allocate expenses to specific projects or clients and compare expenses to revenue to determine a company’s overall profitability. These reports are typically organized by category, or payee, and can be tremendously helpful for companies to coordinate planning, budgeting, and resourcing requirements. In times of financial difficulty, a monthly expense report can be used to check how costs can be cut or eliminated to improve profit. 

What is considered an expense? 

Not all costs are expenses. An expense is the cost of operations that a business incurs to generate revenue. It can be salary compensations for employees, train tickets fee, or rental for the office. The summary of all expenses is shown on Income Statements (Profit or Loss Statement) as deductions from the total revenue.

While businesses can write off many kinds of expenses, they are not allowed to claim their personal, non-business expenses as business deductions. They also cannot claim bribes, lobbying costs, penalties, fines, and contributions made to political parties or candidates. 

There’s also a common mistake among businesses when they write off “capital expenditure” as an expense. Capital expenditure (CapEx) is used to acquire, upgrade, and maintain tangible assets such as property, buildings, or equipment. Businesses must capitalize those expenses or write them off slowly over time as depreciation. For example, if you acquire a new oven for your bakery business, the oven should be capitalized and recorded as your asset, instead of a business expense. Identifying the nature of an expense will help you do your taxes properly and precisely. 

Essentially, companies should have strict rules regarding what can be considered a business expense. Employees should be informed thoroughly as well before submitting expense reports for reimbursement. 

Conclusion 

Expense reporting and analysis is an indispensable element of an effective cost management process. However, many small businesses struggle with keeping track of documents and receipts manually which ends up being time-consuming and unproductive.

Clear away that pile of documents and go paperless with Shoeboxed!

Shoeboxed creates clear and comprehensive expense reports that include images of your receipts. In just a few clicks, you can export, share or print the information you need for easy tax preparation or reimbursement.